South Sudan, officially the Republic of South Sudan, is a landlocked country in northeastern Africa that gained its independence from Sudan in 2011. Its current capital is Juba, which is also its largest city.
Capital: Juba Founded: July 9, 2011 President: Salva Kiir Mayardit Currency: South Sudanese pound Population: 11.3 million (2013) Government: Presidential system, Federal republic, Representative democracy, Republic Official language: English
South Sudan was formerly part of Sudan, and subject to its interpretation of Sharia law, under which homosexual activity was illegal, with punishments ranging from lashes to the death penalty. In 2008 the autonomous Government of Southern Sudan adopted its own penal code, which prohibits “carnal intercourse against the order of nature” and prescribes a sentence of ten years’ imprisonment.