Tanzania

 

  1. Flag_of_Tanzania.svg
    Officially the United Republic of Tanzania (SwahiliJamhuri ya Muungano wa Tanzania), is a country inEast Africa in the African Great Lakes region. It is bordered by Kenya and Uganda to the north; RwandaBurundi, and theDemocratic Republic of the Congo to the west; and ZambiaMalawi, and Mozambique to the south. The country’s eastern border is formed by the Indian Ocean. Kilimanjaro, Africa’s highest mountain, is in northeastern Tanzania
    Capital: Dodoma

     

  2. Currency: Tanzanian shilling

     

  3. Official languages: Swahili, English

     

  4. Colleges and Universities: University of Dar es Salaam
    President Jakaya Kikwete
    LAWS

    The Tanzania Penal Code of 1945 (as revised by the Sexual Offences Special Provisions Act, 1998) provides as follows:

    Section 138A. Acts of gross indecency between persons.

    Any person who, in public or private commits, or is a party to the commission of, or procures or attempts to procure the commission by any person of, any act of gross indecency with another person, is guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to imprisonment for a term not less than one year and not exceeding five years or to a fine not less than one hundred thousand and not exceeding three hundred thousand shillings; save that where the offence is committed by a person of eighteen years of age or more in respect of any person under eighteen years of age, a pupil of a primary school or a student of secondary school the offender shall be liable on conviction to imprisonment for a term not less than ten years, with corporal punishment, and shall also be ordered to pay compensation of all amount determined by the court to the person in respect of whom the offence was committed for any injuries caused to that person.

    According to Part I(3) of the Sexual Offences Special Provisions Act, 1998: “gross indecency” in Section 138A “means any sexual act that is more than ordinary but falls short of actual intercourse and may include masturbation and indecent physical contact or indecent behaviour without any physical contact”.

    Section 154. Unnatural offences.

    (1) Any person who-

    (a) has carnal knowledge of any person against the order of nature; or

    (c) permits a male person to have carnal knowledge of him or her against the order of nature,

    commits an offence, and is liable to imprisonment for life and in any case to imprisonment for a term of not less than thirty years.

    (2) Where the offence under subsection (1) of this section is committed to a child under the age of ten years the offender shall be sentenced to life imprisonment.

    Section 155. Attempt to commit unnatural offences.

    Any person who attempts to commit any of the offences specified under section 154 commits an offence and shall on conviction be sentenced to imprisonment for a term not less than twenty years.

    Section 157. Indecent practices between males.

    Any male person who, in public or private-

    (a) commits any act of gross indecency with another male, or

    (b) procures another male person to commit any act of gross indecency with him, or

    (c) attempts to procure a male to commit an indecent act to him,

    is guilty of an offence and may be sentenced to five years of imprisonment.

    Zanzibar

    The Zanzibar Penal Code of 1934, as amended in 2004, provides as follows:[3]

    Section 132.

    (1) Any person who carnally knows any boy is guilty of an offence and shall on conviction be liable to imprisonment for life.

    (2) Any person who attempts to have carnal knowledge of any boy is guilty of an offence and shall on conviction be liable to imprisonment for a term not less than twenty-five years.

    Section 150.

    Any person who:

    (a) has carnal knowledge of any person against the order of nature; or

    (c) permits a male person to have carnal knowledge of him or her against the order of nature;

    is guilty of a felony, and is liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding fourteen years.

    Section 151.

    Any person who attempts to commit any of the offences specified in section 150 is guilty of a felony, and is liable to imprisonment for a term not exceeding seven years.

    Section 152.

    Any person who unlawfully and indecently assaults a boy is guilty of a felony, and is liable to imprisonment for a term not less than twenty-five years.

    Section 153.

    Any woman who commits an act of lesbianism with another woman whether taking an active or passive role shall be guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or to a fine not exceeding five hundred thousand shillings.

    Section 154.

    Any person who, in public or private commits, or is a party to the commission of, or procures or attempts to procure the commission by any person of, any act of gross indecency with another person, is guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding five years or to a fine not exceeding two hundred thousand shillings; save that where the offence is committed by a person of eighteen years of age or more in respect of any person under eighteen years of age, the offender shall be liable on conviction to imprisonment for a term not less than ten years, with corporal punishment, and shall also be ordered to pay compensation of an amount determined by the court to the person in respect of whom the offence was committed for any injuries physical or psychological caused to that person.

    According to Section 4, “gross indecency” means “any sexual act that falls short of actual intercourse and may include masturbation and physical contact or indecent behaviour without any physical contact.”

    Section 158.

    Any person who:

    (a) enter[s] or arrange[s] a union, whether amounting to marriage or not, of the person of the same sex;

    (b) celebrate[s] a union with another person of the same sex, whether amounting to marriage or not; [or]

    (c) lives as husband and wife [with] another person of the same sex;

    shall be guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to imprisonment for a term not exceeding seven years.

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