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Uganda, officially the Republic of Uganda, is a landlocked country in East Africa. It is bordered to the east by Kenya, to the north by South Sudan, to the west by the Democratic Republic of the Congo, to the southwest by Rwanda, and to the south by Tanzania.

Capital: Kampala

President: Yoweri Museveni

Prime minister: Ruhakana Rugunda

Currency: Ugandan shilling

Official languages: Swahili, English

Destinations: Kampala, Entebbe, Jinja, Kisoro, Gulu, Mbale, More


Laws prohibiting same-sex sexual acts were first put in place under British colonial rule in the 19th century. Those laws were enshrined in the Penal Code Act 1950 and retained following independence. The following sections of that Act are relevant:

Section 145. Unnatural offences. Any person who—

(a) has carnal knowledge of any person against the order of nature; [or]

(b) has carnal knowledge of an animal; or

(c) permits a male person to have carnal knowledge of him or her against the order of nature,
commits an offence and is liable to imprisonment for life.
Section 146. Attempt to commit unnatural offences. Any person who attempts to commit any of the offences specified in section 145 commits a felony and is liable to imprisonment for seven years.

Section 148. Indecent practices. Any person who, whether in public or in private, commits any act of gross indecency with another person or procures another person to commit any act of gross indecency with him or her or attempts to procure the commission of any such act by any person with himself or herself or with another person, whether in public or in private, commits an offence and is liable to imprisonment for seven years.

Before the Penal Code Amendment (Gender References) Act 2000 was enacted, only same-sex acts between men were criminalized. That Act changed references to “any male” to “any person” so that grossly indecent acts between women were criminalized as well.

An Act to prohibit any form of sexual relations between persons of the same sex; prohibit the promotion or recognition of such relations and to provide for other related matters.

Anti-Homosexuality Act, 2014

Territorial extent:
Whole of Uganda

Enacted by:
Parliament of Uganda

Date passed:
20 December 2013 (invalid)

Date signed:
24 February 2014 (invalid)

Signed by:
Yoweri Museveni

Date commenced:
24 February 2014 (invalid)

Legislative history

Bill citation:
Anti Homosexuality Bill, 2009

Bill published on:
14 October 2009

Introduced by:
David Bahati


Broadens criminalisation of same-sex relations in Uganda

Not passed

Uganda News

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Strategic Response Team Report On Human Rights Violations Towards LGBTIQ+ Persons Since The Passing Of The Anti Homosexuality Act, 2023.

It is essential for the international community, human rights organizations, and concerned citizens to continue to pressure the Ugandan government to repeal this discriminatory law and work towards a more inclusive and equitable society where the rights of all individuals are respected and protected. Until then, the struggle for LGBTIQ+ rights in Uganda remains a crucial battle for human rights and dignity...
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Kuchu Times Media Group Launches Network Of Liaisons To Expand The Platform.

The more target community we can access, the better the data resources produced by KTMG platform and available to advocates of human rights...
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Human Rights Awareness and Promotion Forum (HRAPF) has released a comprehensive analysis of the recently passed Sexual Offences Bill with special focus on how it affects the now criminalized minorities...
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